一、官职沿革

(一)官职制度

PANDUANXIALIEXIANGGUANNEIRONGDEJIESHUOSHIFOUZHENGQUE,DUIDEDA“√”,CUODEDA“×”。

1.GUDAIDIWANGBADIWEIRANGJIXIANNENGDERENCHENGWEISHANRANG,SHIYUANSHISHEHUIMOQIBULUOSHOULINGDEXUANJUZHIDU。(√)

2.WOGUOGUDAICHANGQUJUEMINGFENGCIDACHEN,FENBIEWEI“GONG、HOU、BO、ZI、NAN”WUDENG,YIZHIYANYONGDAOQINGDAI。(√)

乐仑彩票3.SANSHENGLIUBU:SANSHENGWEIZHONGSHUSHENG、MENXIASHENG、SHANGSHUSHENG。SANSHENGDEZHANGGUANDOUSHIZAIXIANG。LIUBU:LIBU、

HUBU、LIBU、BINGBU、XINGBU、GONGBU。GEBUZHANGGUANCHENGSHANGSHU。LIUBUZHICONGSUITANGKAISHISHIXING,YIZHIYANXUDAOQINGMO。(√)

[拓展]

隋唐时,三省同为最高政务机构,一般中书省管决策,门下省管审议,尚书省管执行。中书省长官称中书令,门下省长官称侍中,尚书省长官称尚书令。尚书省下辖六部,吏部(管官吏的任免与考核等)、户部(管土地户口、赋税、财政等)、礼部(管典礼、科举、学校等)、兵部(管军事)、刑部(管司法刑狱)、工部(管工程营造、屯田水利等),各部副职称侍郎。

4.(2016·QUANGUOJUANⅡ)LIBUSHIGUDAILIUBUZHIYI,ZHANGGUANWENGUANRENMIAN、KAOHE、SHENGJIANG、DIAODONGDENG,ZHANGGUANWEILIBUSHANGSHU。(√)

5.(2016·QUANGUOJUANⅢ)LIBUWEILIUBUZHIYI,ZHANGGUANLIYI、JISI、TUDI、HUJIDENGZHISHI,BUZHANGGUANCHENGWEILIBUSHANGSHU。(×)

[拓展] “礼部”,在明代有尚书一人,左、右侍郎各一人,下设四司,分别为:仪制清吏司,掌嘉礼、军礼及管理学务、科举考试事;祠祭清吏司,掌吉礼、凶礼事务;主客清吏司,掌宾礼及接待外宾事务;精膳清吏司,掌筵飨等事务。

6.(2015·QUANGUOJUANⅠ)BINGBUSHIGUDAI“LIUBU”ZHIYI,ZHANGGUANQUANGUOWUGUANXUANYONGHEBINGJI、JUNXIE、JUNLINGDENGSHIYI。(√)

7.“JUXIAOLIAN”SHIGUDAIYIZHONGZIXIAERSHANGDEXUANGUANZHIDU,JIZHONGYANGHEDIFANGYIDINGJIBIEDEGUANLIGENJUKAOCHAQINGKUANG,JIANGWEIYOUGUANZHIDESHIRENTUIJIANJIZHONGYANGZHENGFU。(√)

乐仑彩票8.“ZHENGPI”SHIGUDAIYIZHONGZIXIAERSHANGDEXUANGUANZHIDU。BEIZHENGPIZHEJINGGUOSHIYONG,QUEYOUNENGLI,JIUZHENGSHISHOUYUGUANZHI。(×)

[拓展] “征辟”是自上而下的选官制度。一般由皇帝派人去聘任特别有名望的人叫作征召,三公以下召举布衣入仕叫作辟除,合称为“征辟”,为汉代选用官吏的一种制度。皇帝征召的士人,多授予博士或待诏的称号,公府辟除的士人一般通称掾吏。

乐仑彩票9.GUANYUANYUFUMUWANGGU,YIBANJUNJIECHUGUANZHI,SHOUSANGSANNIAN,QIMANHOUQIFU,CHENGWEIDINGYOU。(√)

[拓展] “丁忧”又称“丁艰”,古代指父母之丧。古制父母死后,子女要在家守丧三年,不做官,不婚娶,不赴宴,不应考,以尽孝道。

10.(2017·QUANGUOJUANⅠ)MUYOUSHIZHIMUQINDESANGSHI,GUDAIGUANYUANZAOFENGFUMUQUSHISHI,ANZHAOGUIDINGXUYAOLIZHIJUJIASHOUSANG。(√)

11.“QIFU”“DUOQING”DOUSHIZHIGUDAIGUANYUANSHOUSANGQIMANHOU,BEIZHONGXINQIYONG,HUIDAOYUANZHI。(×)

[拓展]“起复”是指起用了丁忧未满之人,或是降职、革职之后重被任用;“夺情”是指官员丧服未满而朝廷强令出仕。明清两代,官员守孝期满而起用叫“起复”;而丁忧期间,朝廷或官府有重要政务需要守孝者回去供职的,则称“夺情”。

12.“ZHONGYANG”YOUCHENG“GUIYANG”,SHIZHIYINQINRENNIANLAOHUOBINGZHONGERCIGUANSHIFENG。(√)

13.GUDAIGUANLIGAOLAOTUIXIUCHENG“ZHISHI”,YECHENG“XIUZHI”。GUANYUANNIANLAOYOUBING,YOUBENRENTICHUSHENQING,HUOZHUNHOUZHISHI,GUOJIAJUQIZHIWEI,JIYUYIDINGDESHANGCI。(√)

[拓展] 古代官吏的退休制,形成于春秋时期,汉代承先秦,并进一步完备。汉代丞相以下皆须致仕,称“归老”“乞骸骨”。自魏晋以后,历代相沿。

14.(2017·QUANGUOJUANⅢ)GAOLAOBENZHIGUDAISHEHUIGUANYUANYINNIANLAOCIQUZHIWU,YOUSHIYESHIGUANYUANYINGUCIZHIDEYIZHONGJIEKOU。(√)

15.(2016·QUANGUOJUANⅡ)YIJIZHIGUANYUANSHANGSHUCHENGBING,SHIJISHIGUANYUANSHOUDAOQUANCHENDIHUI,BUDEBUQINGQIUTUIZHIDEWEIWANSHUOFA。(×)

[拓展]移疾,指官员上书称病,多为居官者求退的委婉语。

16.(2016·QUANGUOJUANⅢ)ZHISHIBENYISHIJIANGXIANGSHOUDELUWEIJIAOHAIJIJUNWANG,BIAOSHIGUANYUANCIQUGUANZHIHUODAOGUIDINGNIANLINGERLIZHI。(√)

(ER)HUANGSHIGUANZHI

PANDUANXIALIEXIANGGUANNEIRONGDEJIESHUOSHIFOUZHENGQUE,DUIDEDA“√”,CUODEDA“×”。

17.TONGZHITIANXIADEJUNZHU、DIWANGJUNCHENGWEI“HUANGDI”,YOUCHENGWEI“TIANZI”。GURENRENWEIJUNZHU、DIWANGSHISHANGTIANDEERZI,QIZHENGQUANSHISHOUTIANMINGJIANLIDE。(×)

[拓展] “皇帝”始于秦王嬴政。公元前221年嬴政统一六国,建立秦王朝,其臣下依据三皇之名,上尊号为秦皇。嬴政自以为“德兼三皇,功过五帝”,自称为“始皇帝”。此后,历代封建君主均称为“皇帝”,俗称皇上。

18.ZIQINDAIKAISHI,HUANGDIDEZHENGSHICHENGHUANGHOU,HUANGDIDEMUQINCHENGHUANGTAIHOU,HUANGDIDEFUQINCHENGTAISHANGHUANG;ZUMUCHENGTAIHUANGTAIHOU,LIDAIXIANGYANBUBIAN。(√)

乐仑彩票19.(2016·QUANGUOJUANⅡ)ZHONGGONGSHIHUANGHOUSUOJUZHIGONG,HOULAIYOUKEYIJIEZHIHUANGHOU,ZHEIYUDONGGONGYOUKEJIEZHITAIZISHITONGYANGDAOLI。(√)

乐仑彩票20.HUANGDIZHIDINGDEHUANGWEIJICHENGRENCHENGWEI“HUANGTAIZI”。YIBANWEIHUANGDIDEDIZHANGZI,DANYEYOULIWAI,YOUHUANGDIXUANDINGCELI。DIWANGZHINVJIECHENGGONGZHU,SHIYUZHANGUO。HANDAIYIHUANGDIZHINVCHENG“GONGZHU”,DIZHIJIEMEICHENG“ZHANGGONGZHU”。GONGZHUFENGDICHENGYI,YIHOUGEDAIJIBENSHANGDOUYANYONGHANDAIDEZHEIZHONGCHENGWEI。(√)

21.(2016·QUANGUOJUANⅠ)JIANCHUYIWEIQUEDINGCHUJUN,YEJIQUEDINGHUANGWEIDEJICHENGREN,WOGUOGUDAITONGCHANGCAIYONGDIZHANGZIJICHENGZHI。(√)

22.(2015·QUANGUOJUANⅠ)TAIZIZHIFENGJIANSHIDAIJUNZHUERZIZHONGBEIQUEDINGJICHENGJUNWEIDEREN,YOUSHIYEKEZHIQITAERZI。(×)

[拓展] 太子指封建时代君主儿子中被确定继承君位的人。其他儿子不能称太子。

23.(2015·QUANGUOJUANⅡ)SIWEIZHIJICHENGJUNWEI,WOGUOFENGJIANWANGCHAOTONGCHANGSHIXINGZHANGZIJICHENGZHI,JUNWEIYOUZUINIANZHANGDEERZIJICHENG。(×)

乐仑彩票24.FUMALIDAIZHUANZHIHUANGDIDENVXU,FEISHIGUAN,QINGDAICHENGWEI“EFU”。(×)

[拓展] 驸马,是驸马都尉的简称。西汉武帝时始置,主要职责是掌管皇帝副车之马,原为皇帝的近侍官。魏晋以后,皇帝的女婿才加此称号,已非实官。

(SAN)ZHONGYANGGUANZHI

乐仑彩票PANDUANXIALIEXIANGGUANNEIRONGDEJIESHUOSHIFOUZHENGQUE,DUIDEDA“√”,CUODEDA“×”。

乐仑彩票25.ZHONGGUOGUDAICHAOTINGZHONGZUIZUNXIANDESANGEGUANZHIDEMINGCHENGWEI“SANGONG”。DANCHAODAIBUTONG、SHIQIBUTONG,SANGONGZHIGUANMINGCHENGBUTONG,ZHIZHANGYEBUTONG。(√)

[拓展] 三公,始于周朝,或以司徒、司马、司空为三公,或以太师、太傅、太保为三公。秦汉称丞相、太尉、御史大夫。唐宋沿用此称。明清以太师、太傅、太保为三公,但已无实际职权,只用作大臣的最高荣誉。

26.QINDAISANGONGJICHENGXIANG、TAIWEIHEYUSHIDAFU。CHENGXIANGWEIZUIGAO,ZUNCHENGWEIXIANGGUO,TONGCHENGWEIZAIXIANG,BINGCHENGHUANGDIZHIYIFUZUOCHAOZHENG;TAIWEIZHANGGUANQUANGUOJUNSHI;YUSHIDAFUFUZEJIANCHABINGBANGZHUCHENGXIANGCHULISHIWU。(√)

乐仑彩票27.(2016·QUANGUOJUANⅠ)SHOUXIANGZHIZAIXIANGZHONGJUYUSHOUWEIDEREN,YUDANGJINMOUXIEGUOJIANEIGEHUOZHENGFUSHOUNAODEHANYIBINGBUXIANGTONG。(√)

28.TAISHI,XIZHOUSHIZHI,YUANWEIGAOJIWUGUAN,JUNDUIDEZUIGAOTONGSHUAI。CHUNQIUSHIJINCHUYANYONG,ZHANGUOHOUFEI,HANYOUSHEZHI,WEIZAITAIFUZHISHANG。(√)

乐仑彩票29.SITU,CHUNQIUSHIFUZEZHANGGUANGUOJIADETUDIHERENMIN,ZHIDINGGONGFU。HANSHI,ZHUGUANJIAOHUA。(√)

30.SHUMISHI,TANGDAIZONGSHIYIHUANGUANZHANGJIMI,QIHOUZHANGQUANDEHUANGUANYISHUMISHIDEMINGYIGANYUCHAOZHENG,SUOYI,ZHITANGZHAOZONGSHIKAISHIGAIWEISHIRENRENZHI。(√)

乐仑彩票31.ZHONGSHULING,LIDAIDUOWEIHUANGUANDANREN,FUZEXUANZHAOMING。SIMAQIANHUOXINGHOU,CENGRENCIZHI。(×)

[拓展]中书令,汉武帝始置,西汉后期改为中谒者令,魏晋为中书省的长官之一。南北朝时期,中书令多为有文学名望的人。至唐代,非有特殊资望者不授此官。宋制略同。元代中书令权位尤重,明代废除。

32.CANZHENG,TANGCHUYICANZHIZHENGSHIWEITAGUANCANYUZAIXIANGSHIWUDEGUANZHIMING,SONGYIZILIJIAOQIANZHIGUANYUZAIXIANGTONGYICHAOZHENG,CHENGWEICANZHIZHENGSHI。(√)

[拓展] 参政与同平章事、枢密使、枢密副使合称宰执,均为中央最高政务长官。宋代范仲淹、欧阳修和王安石等都曾任此职。

33.SHANGSHU,SHIZHIYUZHANGUO,LIDAIXIANGYAN,SHIZHIZHANGWENSHUDEGUANYUAN,YINSHANGSHUZAIHUANGDIZUOYOUBANSHI,ZHANGGUANWENSHUZOUZHANG,DIWEIHENZHONGYAO。(√)

乐仑彩票34.SHILANG,BENWEIGONGTINGDEJINSHI,DONGHANYIHOU,WEISHANGSHUDESHUGUAN,CHURENCHENGLANGZHONG,MANYINIANCHENGSHANGSHULANG,SANNIANCHENGSHILANG。(√)

35.(2017·QUANGUOJUANⅢ)JINSHISHIZHIJIEJINBINGSUISHIDIWANGZUOYOUDEREN,TAMENBUJINZHIWEIHENGAO,DUIDIWANGDEYINGXIANGYEHENDA。(×)

乐仑彩票36.WOGUOZHANGUOSHIQIZHONGYANGJIUSHEYOUJIANCHAGUAN,CHENGWEIYUSHI,YIZHIYANXIZHIQINGDAI。ZHUYAOZHIZESHIDUIBAIGUANJINXINGJIUCHADANHE。(√)

[拓展] 西汉时建立了独立的监察机构——御史府,后改称御史台。历代御史台的长官称御史大夫或御史中丞等。明代把御史台改为都察院,长官为左右都御史,清代沿袭。

37.WOGUOLIDAIDOUYOUSHIGUAN。ZHANGWENSHIXINGLI,JIANGUANGUOJIATUSHU。SUIRANMINGCHENGGEYI,DANZHINENGDATIXIANGSI。(√)

乐仑彩票38.“BUQUE”YUANYIWEIBUJIUGUOSHI,ZAITANGDAISHUYUMENXIASHENG。ZHUYAOZHIZESHIDUIHUANGDIJINXINGGUIJIAN,DASHIKEYITINGYI,XIAOSHIZESHANGFENGZOU,BINGJUJIANRENYUAN。(×)

[拓展] 唐代门下省称为“左省”,中书省为“右省”,故补阙在门下省为“左补阙”,在中书省为“右补阙”,与“拾遗”合称“遗补”。

39.“YOUSI”ZHIYOUJUTIZHIWU、ZUOJUTIGONGZUODEGUANLI。RU:“ZHAOYOUSIANTU”(《LIANPOLINXIANGRULIECHUAN》)、“YIFUYOUSILUNQIXINGSHANG”(《CHUSHIBIAO》)。(√)

乐仑彩票40.(2016·QUANGUOJUANⅠ)GUDAICHAOTINGZHONGFENZHISHEGUAN,GEYOUZHUANSI,SUOYIKEYONG“YOUSI”LAIZHICHENGCHAOTINGZHONGDEGEJIGUANYUAN。(×)

(SI)DIFANGGUANZHI

PANDUANXIALIEXIANGGUANNEIRONGDEJIESHUOSHIFOUZHENGQUE,DUIDEDA“√”,CUODEDA“×”。

41.QINTONGYIHOU,JUNXIANZHIZHENGSHIXINGCHENG,CHENGWEIHOULAIGEGECHAODAIDIFANGXINGZHENGDANWEIDEJICHU。JUNDEZHANGGUANCHENGJUNSHOU,YOUCHAOTINGRENMING;JUNXIASHEXIAN,XIANNEIYISHILIWEIYITING,SHITINGWEIYIXIANG。HANCHENGQINZHI,BAJUNSHOUGAICHENG“TAISHOU”。HEJUNPINGXINGDEHAIYOU“GUO”,YECHENG“ZHUHOUWANGGUO”,SHEGUANQUANFANGZHONGYANG。(√)

42.TANGDAIXIANYISHANGDEXINGZHENGDANWEICHENGZHOUHUOJUN,ZHANGGUANSHICISHIHUOTAISHOU。SHOUDOUHUOPEIDOUSUOZAIDIDEZHOUJIAOFU,ZHANGGUANJIAOYINHUOSHAOYIN。TANGCHUZHONGYANGPAIGUANYUANCHUXUNGEZHOU,JIANCHADIFANGXINGZHENG,CHENGWEICHUZHISHI,YOUQUANBAMIANHUOTISHENGDIFANGGUANLI。ZHIQUANHEHANDAIDEZHOUCISHIXIANGSI。(√)

43.SONGDAIDEZHOUYOUZHONGYANGPAIGUANYUANQIANWANGGUANLI,CHENGWEI“ZHIZHOU”,YUZHIPINGXINGDEHAIYOUFU、JUN、JIAN。ZHOU、FU、JUN、JIANYISHANGDEXINGZHENGDANWEISHILU。LUSHEJINGLVEANFUSIZHANGJUNQUAN,YIJINGLVEANFUSHIWEIZHANGGUAN。(√)

乐仑彩票44.MINGQINGSHENGXIASHEDAO,ZHANGGUANSHIDAOYUAN,CHENGFENSHOUDAO、FENXUNDAO,SUCHENGDAOTAI。DAOXIASHEFU,ZHANGGUANCHENGZHIFU,ZHANGYIFUZHIZHENG。FUXIASHEZHOU,ZHANGGUANCHENGZHIZHOU;ZHOUXIASHEXIAN,ZHANGGUANCHENGZHIXIAN。(√)

乐仑彩票45.ZHIXIANWEIYIXIANDEZUIGAOXINGZHENGZHANGGUAN,JINGUANLIYIXIANXINGZHENG,WUQUANGUANLIBINGSHI。(×)

[拓展] “知”是主持的意思,唐代称佐官代理县令为知县事,宋初用京官知县事管理一县的行政,有戍兵驻县,更并管兵事。明清沿用不改。

乐仑彩票46.SIMA,XIZHOUSHIZHI,ZHUYAOZHANGGUANJUNZHENGHEJUNFU。SIMACHANGZUOWEIGUANYUANDEBIANJIANGZHIZHI。RU《PIPAXING》“ZUOZHONGQIXIASHEIZUIDUO?JIANGZHOUSIMAQINGSHANSHI”。(√)

乐仑彩票47.TIXIA,ZHUGUANJUNDUIWUZHUANG、XUNLIAN、DUBUDAOZEI、WEIHUDIFANGZHIANDENG。SONGDAIZHOUJUNDUOSHETIXIABINGMAYIGUAN。(√)

(WU)GUANZHIRENMIAN

PANDUANXIALIEXIANGGUANNEIRONGDEJIESHUOSHIFOUZHENGQUE,DUIDEDA“√”,CUODEDA“×”。

乐仑彩票48.“ZHENG、PI、REN、CHU、BAI、SHOU、QIAN”DOUSHIZHIRENYONGGUANYUAN,YONGFAXIANGTONG。(×)

[拓展] “征”是皇帝特聘;“辟”是官府或高官聘用;“任”又称“保”,指高官保任其子弟为官;“除”有“除旧官,任新官”之意,就是改任;“拜”“授”是正常授官,有时是平级调任,有时是升职;“迁”指官职晋升或调动。

49.“ZHUAN、XI、CHU、RU”ZHEIJIGECIYOUSHISHIPINGJIDIAOREN,YOUSHISHISHENGZHI。(×)

[拓展] 这几个词都指官员调动,其中“转”“徙”泛指调动,“出”专指调离京师,“入”专指调入京师。

50.GUDAIRENGUAN,HAIYOUSHEGUAN、JIANGUAN、JIAGUAN、SHISHOUDEZHIDU。“SHE”SHIDAIXINGZHISHOU;“JIAN”ZHIJIANZHI,YIDIZHIJIANGAOZHIWEI“XING”,YIGAOZHIJIANDIZHIWEI“LING”HUO“PING”。(×)

[拓展] 汉代以低职兼高职为“行”,以高职兼低职为“领”;而到了唐宋,以低职兼高职为“守”,以高职兼低职为“行”。

ER、XINGMINGCHENGWEI

PANDUANXIALIEXIANGGUANNEIRONGDEJIESHUOSHIFOUZHENGQUE,DUIDEDA“√”,CUODEDA“×”。

51.GURENYOUSHIMINGMING,CHENGNIANQUZI,ZIHEMINGYOUYIYISHANGDELIANXI。ZISHIWEILEBIANYUTARENCHENGWEI,DUIPINGBEIHUOZUNBEICHENGZICHUYULIMAOHEZUNJING。(√)

[拓展] 有三种情况直称姓名:自称;用于介绍或作传;称所厌恶、所轻视的人。

乐仑彩票52.(2017·QUANGUOJUANⅠ)YIZIXING,SHIZHIZAIGUDAISHEHUISHENGHUOZHONG,MOURENDEZIDEYITONGXINGSHIYONG,TADEMINGFANERBUCHANGYONG。(√)

乐仑彩票53.(2015·QUANGUOJUANⅡ)GUDAINANZIYOUMINGYOUZI,MINGSHICHUSHENGHOUBUJIUFUQINQIDE,ZISHIERSHISUIJUXINGGUANLIHOUCAIQIDE。(√)

54.HAO,YUMINGHEZIMEIYOUGENBENQUBIE,YIBANYONGYUZICHENG,YIXIANSHIMOUZHONGZHIQUHUOSHUFAMOUZHONGQINGGAN。DUIRENCHENGHAOYESHIYIBANJINGCHENG。(×)

[拓展] 名和字由父亲或尊长取定,号是由自己取定。号,又叫别号、表号。

55.GUDAIWANGHOUJIANGXIANG、GAOJIGUANLI、ZHUMINGWENSHISIHOUHUIBEIZHUIJIADECHENGHAOJIAO“SHIHAO”。(√)

56.(2015·QUANGUOJUANⅡ)SHIHAOSHIGUDAIDIWANG、DACHENDENGSIHOU,JUQISHENGPINGSHIJIPINGDINGDECHENGHAO,RUWUDI、AIDI、YANGDI。(√)

乐仑彩票57.FENGJIANHUANGDISIHOU,ZAITAIMIAOLISHIFENGSISHIDEMINGHAOJIAO“MIAOHAO”。YIBANKAIGUODEHUANGDICHENGZU,HOUJIZHECHENGZONG。(√)

[拓展] “庙号”始于西汉,止于清朝。也有个别朝代前几个皇帝皆称祖,如明朝朱元璋称太祖,其子朱棣称成祖。

乐仑彩票58.NIANHAOSHIFENGJIANHUANGDIJINIANDEMINGHAO,YOUXIHANWUDISHOUCHUANG,TADEDIYIGENIANHAOWEI“JIANYUAN”。YIHOUMEIYIGECHAODAIDEMEIYIGEXINJUNJIWEI,BIXUGAIBIANNIANHAO,JIAOZUO“GAIYUAN”。(√)

[拓展]《汉书》记载,十月汉武帝狩猎捉到一只独角兽,认为是吉祥的神物,值得纪念,建议用来纪年,于是立年号为“元狩”,那一年为“元狩元年”。

59.“JUNWANG”BIAOSHIMOUYIDIYUFANWEINEIDEMINGMENDAZU。RUHANYUSUISHIHENEIHEYANGREN,DANYINCHANGLIHANSHIWEITANGDAIWANGZU,GUHANYUCHANGYI“CHANGLIHANYU”ZICHENG。(√)

60.GURENCHENGZIJIYIFANGDEQINSHUPENGYOUSHI,CHANGYONG“JIA”“SHE”DENGQIANCI。RU“JIAFU”,YOUZUO“JIAYAN”“JIAJUN”;“JIAMU”,YOUZUO“JIACI”;SHEDI、SHEMEI、SHEZHI。(√)

[拓展] “先父”“先母”是尊称逝去父母的称呼。

61.GURENCHENGDUIFANGSHI,BIAOSHIZUNJINGKEQIDETAIDU,CHANGYONG“LING”“ZUN”“XIAN”DENGJINGCI。QIZHONG“LING”YONGYICHENGHUDUIFANGDEQINSHU,RULINGZUN、LINGTANG、LINGXIONG、LINGLANG、LINGAIDENG;“ZUN”YONGLAICHENGYUDUIFANGYOUGUANDERENHUOWU,RU“ZUNSHANG”(CHENGDUIFANGDEFUMU)、“ZUNYI”(DUIFANGDEYISI);“XIAN”,YONGYUZUNCHENGPINGBEIHUOWANBEI,RU“XIANLANG”(DUIFANGDEERZI)、“XIANDI”DENG。(√)

乐仑彩票62.(2016·QUANGUOJUANⅡ)BIXIAZHIGONGDIANZHONGLIYOUHUWEIDETAIJIEXIA,YINQUNCHENBUKEZHIHUDIWANG,YUSHIJIEYONGWEIDUIDIWANGDEZUNCHENG。(√)

乐仑彩票63.GURENDENIANLINGYOUSHIBUYONGSHUZIBIAOSHI,BUZHIJIESHUOCHUMOURENDUOSHAOSUI,ERSHIYONGYIZHONGYUNIANLINGYOUGUANDECHENGWEILAIDAITI,RU“DOUKOU”ZHISHISANSISUIDENANZI。(×)

[拓展] “豆蔻”指十三四岁的少女。其他如“垂髫”指三四岁至八九岁的儿童;“总角”指八九岁至十三四岁的少年;“束发”指男子十五岁;“及笄”指女子十五岁;“弱冠”指男子二十岁;“而立”指人三十岁;“不惑”指人四十岁;“知命”指人五十岁;“花甲”指人六十岁;“古稀”指人七十岁;“耄耋”指人八九十岁;“期颐”指人一百岁。