常识积累|中国文学常识汇总

YI、SHIGEZONGJI

第一部《诗经》:

乐仑彩票《SHIJING》SHIWOGUODIYIBUSHIGEZONGJI,GONGSHOURUXIZHOUDAOCHUNQIUSHIQIDESHIGE305PIAN。

ZAIXIANQIN,《SHIJING》TONGCHENGWEI《SHISANBAI》HUO《SHI》,ZHIDAOHANWUDISHIQI,RUXUEZHEJIANGQIFENGWEIJINGDIAN,CAIMINGWEI《SHIJING》。

《SHIJING》NEIRONGSHANGFENWEI“FENG”、“YA”、“SONG”SANGEBUFEN;XINGSHISHANGYISIYANWEIZHU,SHOUFASHANGFENWEI“FU”、“BI”、“XING”。

《SHIJING》MINGPIANYOU:《SHUOSHU》、《FATAN》、《GUANJU》DENG。

《SHIJING》DIANDINGLEWOGUOGUDIANSHIGEDEXIANSHIZHUYIJICHU。

《SHIJING》MINGJU:TASHANZHISHI,KEYIGONGYU。/YANZHEWUZUI,WENZHEZUJIE。

YIRIBUJIAN,RUSANQIUXI。/MIBUYOUCHU,XIANKEYOUCHU。

第二部《楚辞》:

《CHUCI》SHIZHANGUOSHIQIYIQUYUANWEISHOUDECHUGUORENZAIBENGUOMINGEJICHUSHANGCHUANGZAODEYIZHONGXINDESHITI。

《CHUCI》SHIHANRENLIUXIANGJIANGCHUGUOQUYUAN、SONGYUYIJIHANDAIDEDONGFANGSHUO、HUAINANXIAOSHANHETAZIJIDESHIGEBIANCHENGDEYIGEJIZI。TASHIJI《SHIJING》ZHIHOUDEYOUYIBUSHIGEZONGJI,YOUSHIGE17PIAN,QIZHONGQUYUANDEZUOPINZHANJUEDADUOSHU。

ER、XIANQINSANWEN

历史:

《SHANGSHU》:SHANGGUZHISHU,JIYANGUSHI,SHANGZITANGYU,XIADAOSHANGZHOU。ZUOZHEBUXIANG。

乐仑彩票《CHUNQIU》:WOGUODIYIBUBIANNIANTISHISHU,NEIRONGWEICONGLUYINGONGDAOLUAIGONGGONG240DUONIANDELISHI,KONGZIBIANDING,JISHIJIANDAN,LEISIXIANZAIDEXINWENBIAOTI。

《ZUOCHUAN》:WOGUODIYIBUJISHIXIANGBEIDEBIANNIANTISHISHU,SHIWEICHUNQIUZUOCHUANDE,JISHIBI《CHUNQIU》DUO13NIAN,ZUOZHESHILUGUODESHIGUANZUOQIUMING。

《GUOYU》:WOGUOZUIZAODEGUOBIETISHISHU,NEIRONGWEICONGZHOUMUWANGDAOZHOUZHENDINGWANG500DUONIANDELISHI。XIANGCHUANZUOZHEWEIZUOQIUMING。

《GUOCE》YOUMING《ZHANGUOCE》,SHIZHANGUOSHIQIDESHILIAOHUIBIAN,GUOBIETISHISHU,GONG12CE33PIAN。XIHANLIUXIANGBIANDING。

诸子:

《LUNYU》:RUJIAJINGDIAN。KONGZIDIZIBIANZUAN。FANYINGKONGZISIXIANG(LIZHI),20PIAN。

KONGZI,MINGQIU,ZIZHONGNI,LUGUOREN,RUJIACHUANGSHIREN。

《MENGZI》:RUJIAJINGDIAN。MENGZIZHU,FANYINGMENGZISIXIANG(RENZHENG),7PIAN。

MENGZI,MINGKE,ZIZIYU,LUGUOREN,RUJIAZHONGYAORENWU。

乐仑彩票《XUNZI》:RUJIAZHUZUO。XUNZIZHU,FANYINGXUNZISIXIANG(WEIWUZHUYI),32PIAN。

乐仑彩票XUNZI,MINGKUANG,HOURENZUNCHENG“XUNQING”,ZHAOGUOREN,RUJIAZUIHOUDEDAIBIAORENWU。

乐仑彩票《MOZI》:MOJIAZHONGYAOZHUZUO。MOZIJIDIZIZHU,FANYINGMOZISIXIANG(JIANAI),53PIAN。

MOZI,MINGZHAI,LUGUOREN,MOJIACHUANGSHIREN。

乐仑彩票《LAOZI》:JI《DAODEJING》,DAOJIAJINGDIAN。LAOZIZHU,FANYINGLAOZISIXIANG(WUWEI)81ZHANG。

LAOZI,XINGLIMINGER,ZIBOYANG,CHUGUOREN,DAOJIACHUANGSHIREN。

乐仑彩票《ZHUANGZI》:JI《NANHUAJING》,DAOJIAJINGDIAN,FANYINGZHUANGZISIXIANG(QINGJINGWUWEI),33PIAN。

ZHUANGZI,MINGZHOU,SONGGUOREN,DAOJIAXUEPAIZHONGYAORENWU。

乐仑彩票《HANFEIZI》:FAJIAZHONGYAOZHUZUO。HANFEIZHU,FANYINGHANFEISIXIANG(FAZHI),55PIAN。

乐仑彩票HANFEI,HANGUOREN,XIANQINFAJIAJIDACHENGZHE。

乐仑彩票《SUNZI》:JI《SUNZIBINGFA》,SUNZIZHU。WOGUODIYIBUJUNSHILILUNZHUZUO,13PIAN。

乐仑彩票SUNZI,MINGWU,ZIZHANGQING,QIGUOREN,WOGUOGUDAIJUNSHIJIA。

《LVLAN》:JI《LVSHICHUNQIU》,ZAJIADAIBIAOZHUZUO。LVBUWEIJIMENRENBIANXIE,160PIAN。

LVBUWEI,HANGUOSHANGREN,CENGWEIQINGUOXIANGGUO。

SAN、HANFUYUHANLEFUMINGE

汉赋

“FU”SHIJIEYUSHIGEHESANWENZHIJIANDEYIZHONGWENTI,SHUYUYUNWEN。

XINGCHENGQI(HANCHU——HANWUDI)DUOWEISHUXIEBEIFENZHIQINGDE“SAOTIFU”,YOUJIAYIDE《DIAOQUYUANFU》、MEICHENGDE《QIFA》DENG。

QUANSHENGQI(HANWUDI——SHUNDI)DUOWEIGEGONGSONGDEDEZHANGPIAN“DAFU”,YOUSIMAXIANGRUDE《ZIXU·SHANGLINFU》、BANGUDE《LIANGDOUFU》HEYANGXIONGDE《GANQUANFU》DENG。

ZHUANBIANQI(HANSHUNDI——HANMO)DUOWEIPIANFUJIAOXIAODESHUQING“XIAOFU”,YOUZHANGHENGDE《ERJINGFU》、CAIYONGDE《SHUXINGFU》DENG。

乐仑彩票LEFUMINGEDEJIAZUO:《MOSHANGSANG》、《KONGQUEDONGNANFEI》、《ZHANGGEXING》DENG。

“HANFUSIDAJIA”:YANGXIONG、SIMAXIANGRU、BANGU、ZHANGHENG。

汉乐府民歌

“LEFU”SHILIANGHANSHIQIDEYINLEJIGOU。TADERENWUYOULIANGGE:YISHIJIANGWENRENGEGONGSONGDEDESHIZHICHENGQUPUBINGYANZOU;ERSHICAIJIMINGE。HOULAI,LEFUJIUCHENGLEMINGEDEDAIMINGCI。LEFUMINGEDEZUIDATEDIANSHIXIEXIANSHISHENGHUO,XUSHIXINGQIANG。

乐仑彩票《KONGQUEDONGNANFEI》SHIWOGUODIYISHOUZHANGPIANXUSHISHI(DIYISHOUZHANGPIANSHUQINGSHISHI《LISAO》),TAYUBEICHAODE《MULANSHI》HECHENGWEI“LEFUSHUANGBI”。

SI、《SHIJI》YU《HANSHU》

《史记》

SIMAQIAN,ZIZIZHANG,XIHANZHUMINGSHIXUEJIAHEWENXUEJIA。20SUIKAISHIMANYOU,32SUIJIFUZHIWEITAISHILING,42SUIKAISHIXIE《SHIJI》。HOUYINLILING(LIGUANGZHISUN)JIANGXIONGNUYISHIDEZUIHANWUDISHOUGONGXINGBINGXIAYU。CHUYUHOUFAFENZHUSHU,LIJINGSHIDUONIAN,WANCHENG《SHIJI》。SIMAQIANHAIYOUCIFU8PIANHEZHUMINGDESANWEN《BAORENANSHU》。

《SHIJI》YOUJIAO《TAISHIGONGSHU》,SHIWOGUODIYIBUJICHUANTITONGSHI。QUANSHUGONG130PIAN,52WANYUZI,FENWEIBENJI(12)、SHIJIA(30)、LIECHUAN(70)、SHU(8)、BIAO(10)WUBUFEN,JIZAILECONGCHUANSHUOZHONGDEHUANGDIDAOHANWUDIZHANGDA3000NIANDELISHI。《SHIJI》JISHISHIXUEJUZHU,YOUSHIWENXUEJUZHU,LUXUNZANQIWEI“SHIJIAZHIJUECHANG,WUYUNZHILISAO”。

乐仑彩票MINGJU:SHIZHIHAOLI,MIUYIQIANLI。/TAOLIBUYAN,XIAZICHENGXI。/ZHIZHEQIANLV,BIYOUYISHI。/BUMINGZEYI,YIMINGJINGREN。/LIANGYAOKUKOULIYUBING,ZHONGYANNIERLIYUXING。

《汉书》

乐仑彩票BANGU,ZIMENGJIAN,DONGHANSHIXUEJIA、WENXUEJIA,QIFUBANBIAOCENGZHUAN《SHIJIHOUCHUAN》。BANGUCENGBEIWURUYU,QIDIBANCHAOTIQILIBIAN,CHUYUHOURENLANTAISHILING,FENGZHAOXIESHI,LIJING20YUNIAN,WANCHENG《HANSHU》。BANGUYESHIDONGHANZHUMINGDECIFUJIA,ZHUYOU《LIANGDOUFU》。

乐仑彩票《HANSHU》SHIYIBUJICHUANTIDUANDAISHI(XIHAN)。QUANSHUGONG100PIAN,FENWEIDIJI(12)、LIECHUAN(70)、BIAO(8)、ZHI(10)SIBUFEN,JIZAILECONGHANWUDIDAOWANGMANGGONG229NIANLISHI。

乐仑彩票MINGJU:SHENGJUMUDUAN,SHUIDISHICHUAN。/LINYUANXIANYU,BURUTUIERJIEWANG。/SHUIZHIQINGZEWUYU,RENZHICHAZEWUTU。

WU、LIBAIHEDUFU

李白

LIBAI《SHUDAONAN》、《JIANGJINJIU》、《XINGLUNAN》、《MENGYOUTIANLAOYINLIUBIE》、《JINGYESI》DENGSHANYUYIHAOMAIDEBIMOMIAOHUIZUGUODEZHUANGLIHESHAN,XIELEXUDUOXIONGQIHAOFANG、XIANGXIANGFENGFU、GUILIDUOCAIDEYOUXIUSHIPIAN,CHENGWEIZHONGGUOGUDIANLANGMANZHUYISHIGEDEGAOFENG。

杜甫

乐仑彩票DUFU《SANLI》、《SANBIE》、《CHUNWANG》、《BEIZHENG》、《MAOWUWEIQIUFENGSUOPOGE》DENGZUOPINJIELULESHEHUIMAODUN、ZHENGZHIFUBAI,FANYINGLERENMINSHENZHONGDEKUNAN,BIAOXIANLEYOUGUOAIMINDESIXIANGGANQING。YUYANJINGLIAN,SHIFENGCHENYU。ZAISIXIANGHEYISHUXINGSHANGDOUQUDELEJIGAODECHENGJIU,CHENGWEIZHONGGUOGUDAISHIGEDEXIANSHIZHUYIGAOFENG。

LIU、TANGSONGBADAJIA

乐仑彩票HANYU、LIUZONGYUAN、OUYANGXIU、SUXUN、SUSHI、SUZHE、WANGANSHI、CENGGONG。

QI、YUANQUSIDAJIA

GUANHANQING、BAIPO、MAZHIYUAN、ZHENGGUANGZU。

BA、MINGQINGXIAOSHUO

(MING)LUOGUANZHONG《SANGUOYANYI》

(MING)SHINAIAN《SHUIHUCHUAN》

(MING)WUCHENGEN《XIYOUJI》

(MING)LANLINGXIAOXIAOSHENG《JINPINGMEI》

乐仑彩票(MING)FENGMENGLONG“SANYAN”:《YUSHIMINGYAN》、《JINGSHITONGYAN》、《XINGSHIHENGYAN》

乐仑彩票(MING)LINGMENGCHU“ERPAI”: 《CHUKEPAIANJINGQI》、《ERKEPAIANJINGQI》

(QING)CAOXUEQIN《HONGLOUMENG》

乐仑彩票(QING)WUJINGZI《RULINWAISHI》

乐仑彩票(QING)PUSONGLING《LIAOZHAIZHIYI》

JIU、XIANDAIWENXUE

LU XUN:XIANDAIWENXUEJIA。TADE《KUANGRENRIJI》SHIXIANDAIWENXUESHISHANGDEDIYIPIANBAIHUAXIAOSHUO,ZHONGPIANXIAOSHUO《AQZHENGCHUAN》SUZAOLEXINHAIGEMINGQIANHOUNONGCUNPINKUNNONGMINAQDEYISHUXINGXIANG,BIAOXIANLEYONG“JINGSHENSHENGLIFA”ZIWOANWEI、BUTUFANKANGDE“GUOMINDERUODIAN”,DUANPIANXIAOSHUOJI《NAHAN》HE《PANGHUANG》ZEDIANDINGLEZHONGGUOXIANSHIZHUYIXIAOSHUODEJIANSHIJISHI,HAIYOUSANWENJI《CHAOHUAXISHI》HE《YECAO》。

GUOMORUO:XIANDAIWENXUEJIA。DAIBIAOZUOYOUSHIJI《NVSHEN》、LISHIJU《QUYUAN》、《CAIWENJI》DENG。

MAO DUN:XIANDAIWENXUEJIA。DAIBIAOZUOYOUZHONGPIANXIAOSHUO《SHI》SANBUQU、ZHANGPIANXIAOSHUO《ZIYE》DENG。

BA JIN:XIANDAIWENXUEJIA。DAIBIAOZUOYOUZHANGPIANXIAOSHUO《JILIUSANBUQU》(《JIA》《CHUN》《QIU》)DENG。

乐仑彩票LAO SHE:XIANDAIXIAOSHUOJIA、JUZUOJIA。DAIBIAOZUOYOUZHANGPIANXIAOSHUO《LUOTUOXIANGZI》,HUAJU《CHAGUAN》DENG。WENBIPOSHI、YOUMO,FUYOUNONGYUDEBEIJINGDIFANGTESE,SHI“JINGPAI”WENXUEDEDAIBIAORENWU。

YESHENGTAO:XIANDAIWENXUEJIA。DAIBIAOZUOYOUZHANGPIANXIAOSHUO《NIHUANZHI》、TONGHUAJI《DAOCAOREN》DENG。

XUZHIMO:XIANDAISHIREN,XINYUESHIPAIDEZHUYAODAIBIAO。DAIBIAOZUOYOUSHIJI《ZHIMODESHI》、《FEILENGCUIDEYIYE》,SANWENJI《LUOYE》DENG。

WENYIDUO:XIANDAISHIREN,XINYUESHIPAIDEDAIBIAO,TICHANGXINGELVSHI。DAIBIAOZUOYOUSHIJI《HONGZHU》、《SISHUI》。

乐仑彩票ZHUZIQING:XIANDAISANWENJIA、SHIREN。DAIBIAOZUOYOUSHIWENJI《ZONGJI》、SANWENJI《BEIYING》DENG。

YUDAFU:XIANDAIWENXUEJIA。DAIBIAOZUOYOUXIAOSHUOJI《CHENLUN》DENG,ZUOPINBIAOXIANLEQINGNIANDEAIGUOQINGXU、LAODONGZHEDEBUXINGMINGYUNHEBEICANSHENGHUO,QINGDIAOGANSHANGJIFEN。

BING XIN:XIANDAIWENXUEJIA。DAIBIAOZUOYOUSHIJI《FANXING》、《CHUNSHUI》,SANWEN《JIXIAODUZHE》、《XIAOJIEDENG》、《YINGHUAZAN》DENG。

乐仑彩票ZHAOSHULI:XIANDAIZUOJIA。DAIBIAOZUOYOUDUANPIANXIAOSHUO《XIAOERHEIJIEHUN》,ZHONGPIANXIAOSHUO《LIYOUCAIBANHUA》DENG。

乐仑彩票SUN LI:XIANDAIZUOJIA。DAIBIAOZUOYOU《HEHUADIAN》、《BAIYANGDIANJISHI》,ZHANGPIANXIAOSHUO《FENGYUNCHUJI》DENG。