SHICHANGLIANERSHISHENGLEBIAOYANDEQIANZOU,XUESHENGYINGGAIBASHICHANGLIANERKEZHONGSUOXUEDEDEZHISHIYUJINENGYUNYONGDAOSHENGLEKEZHONG。

  (一)视唱练耳中的识谱、音准、节奏、旋律、和声等对声乐感知力的培养

  1、识谱

乐仑彩票  FAGUOYINLEJIAPIAIER.BEIERNAKERENWEI“ZHAOPUZHISHANGQUEDINGDEFUHAOFACHUDEYINXIANGBIAOYANJIASHOUXIANYAOZUODAODESHI,TABIXUKAOZHEIXIEFUHAOLAILIJIEYINLEZUOPIN,YINCITAMIANLINDERENWUJIUSHIBALEPUBIANRENQINGCHUYIZUIDADEZHUYILIHEJINGXIDEZHUNQUEDUZAIYINLEZHONGQUEQIEDIBIAOXIANCHULAI。”ZAISHICHANGLIANERZHONG,SHIPUSHIJIAOXUEDEGUANJIAN。YIGEGECHANGZHEBIXUTONGGUOZUIWEIJICHUDESHICHANGLIANERLAIJIECHU、SHUXIZUOPIN。DUIYIGESHENGLEXUESHENGLAISHUO,TASHIPUNENGLIDEGAODIHUIZHIJIEYINGXIANGTASHENGLEQUMUDEBAWO。YIGESHIPUNENGLIGAODEXUESHENG,TAHUIHENKUAIDISHUXIQUMU,ZAIXIANGBAWOQUMUJIUJIANDANDUOLE。XIANGFAN,YOUYIBUFENXUESHENG,SHIPUNENGLIDI,JIUDANSHUXIYIGELEJULAISHUOJIUYOUKUNNAN,ZENMELAISHUXIZHENGSHOUGEQU,GENGTANBUSHANGBAWOLE。

  ZAISHENGLEJIAOXUEZHONG,CHANGGESHIYAOQIANGDIAOYANJINGJINLIANGWANGQIANKAN,BUSHICHANGYIGEYINKANYIGEYIN,ERSHIYAOQIUYIXIAKANJIGEYIN、JIPAI、YIXIAOJIE、SHENZHIJIXIAOJIE。GENJUTOUNAOZHONGQUDIAODEYINXIANGCHANGCHUGECI。ZUOZHEIZHONGLIANXISHI,XIANYONGMANSU,RANHOUBASUDUSHIDANGJIADAOZHONGSU;XIANYIXIAOJIE、LIANGXIAOJIEDELIANXI,ZAIKUOCHONGDAOYIGELEJU、LIANGGELEJU,ZUIHOULIANCHANGQUANQU。ZAIZHIJIECHANGGECIZHIQIANYEKEBUYONGCHANGMING,ERYONG“LA”HUO“A”XIANCHANGQUPU,DAITOUNAOZHONGDUIQUDIAOYIYOUYINXIANGHOUZAICHANGGECIDEBANFAZUOWEIGUODU。ZHEIYANGJINGGUOYIDUANSHIJIANDELIANXIHOU,YUNYONGNEIXINTINGJUEDENENGLIBIANHUIZENGQIANG,KANPUCHANGCIDENENGLIBIANHUIZHUBUTIGAO。

  2、音准

乐仑彩票  YINZHUNDUIYUYIGEGEZHELAISHUODEZHONGYAOZUOYONGSHIWUYONGZHIYIDE。YOUYIXIERENZONGSHICHANGGEPAODIAO,JIUSHIYINZHUNWENTI。ZAISHENGLEXUEXIZHONG,BUGUANSHILIANSHENGHAISHICHANGGEDESHIHOU,DOUYAORENZHENDIQUTINGGANGQINSHANGDEYINGAO,RUGUOFAXIANBUZHUNYAOJISHIGAIZHENG,YOUQIDUISHENGLEZUOPINLAISHUOGENGBUNENGYOUBANDIANMAHU。ZUIHAOSHIZHAOYIGEHEZUOHUOBAN,HUXIANGTINGYINGAO,HUXIANGDANJIDUIFANGTING,BIJINGPANGGUANZHEQING。

  SHICHANGLIANERSHITINGJUEDEYISHU,SUOYIPEIYANG“NEIXINTINGJUE”SHIBIYAODE,YEJIUSHISUOSHUODEXINLIYAOYOUYINGAOGAINIAN,ZUOGEYOUXINREN,ZAISHENGLEJIAOXUEZHONG,YAOZAICHANGYIGEYINZHIQIAN,XIANZAIXINLIXIANGCHUZHEIGEYINDEGAODU,RANHOUZAICHANGCHULAI,HUOXIANZAIXINLIXIANGCHUYIGEYINDEGAODU,ZAIGENJUZHEIGEYINDEGAODUCHANGCHUZHIDINGDELINGYIGEYIN,ZHEIYANGZUOJIUYUNYONGLIANERDENEIXINTINGJUE。

  3、节奏和节拍

乐仑彩票  YINLEZHONGJIAOTICHUXIANDEYOUGUILVDEQIANGRUO、ZHANGDUANDEXIANXIANG。JIEZOUYOU“YINLEDEGUJIA”ZHICHENG 《LIJI·LEJI》 ZHONG:“LEZHE,XINZHIDONGYE;SHENGZHE,LEZHIXIANGYE;WENCAIJIEZOU,SHENGZHISHIYE。”QIANGDIAOJIEZOUDEZHONGYAOXING。MEIYOUJIEZOUJIUMEIYOUYINLE。YIXIEXUESHENGLEGANBUHAO,SUOYIZAICHANGGEQUSHI,BUANJIEZOULUANCHANG,SHENGLEQUZIYIBEICHANGDEMIANMUQUANFEI,QUEHUNRANBUZHI。ZUOWEIYIGEGEZHE,XUEHAOJIEZOUYOUWEIZHONGYAO。

  ZAIYINLEZHONG,JIEZOUDECEZHONGDIANZAIYINZHIDEZHANGDUANSHANG,DANGRANHAIYOUQIANGRUO。BUTONGDEJIEZOUXINGYOUZHETESHUDEBIAOXIANZUOYONG,ZAIYINLEZHONGBAWOZHULEJIEZOUXINGDETEDIAN,JIUNENGGOUGENGHAODILIJIEYINLE、BIAOXIANYINLE,RUGUONENGYIZHAOSUOCHENGXIANCHUDETEDIANLAIYANZOU、YANCHANG,JIUHUISHINIDEBIAOYANGENGJIAFUHERENMENDESHENMEIYAOQIU、NENGGOUGENGHAODISUZAOYINLEXINGXIANG。LIRU:

  (1)QIANBAHOUSHILIUHUOQIANSHILIUHOUBADEJIEZOUDEJIEHE,JIUXINGCHENGYIZHONGHUANKUAI、JIDONGDEQINGXU,SHIYIBIAOXIANYIXIEJISU、RELIE、HUOPODECHANGJING。

乐仑彩票  (2)SHIZHIJIAOZHANGDEJIEZOU,RUERFENYINFUQUANYINFUDENG,JIUSHIYIBIAOXIANYIXIESHUQING、PINGJINGDEQINGXU,NENGGOUBIAOXIANLIAOKUO、ROUHEDEQINGJING。

乐仑彩票  (3)DUANCUDESHILIUFENYINFUXIANGJIEHE,JIUNENGRANGRENCHANSHENGYIZHONGTIAOYUE、YUKUAIDEQINGXU,SHIHEBIAOXIANFUYOUCHAOQIDE、HUIXIEDEQINGJING。

  DANGRAN,JIEZOUDEYUNYONGHESUDUSHIFENBUKAIDE,BIAOXIANJIDONG、XINGFEN、HUANLEDEQINGXUDUOYONGKUAISU;JUYOUSHUQINGDEQUDIAODUOYONGZHONGSU;BIAOXIANYOUMEI、ROUHEHUOTONGKUDEQINGXUZEDUOYONGMANSU,DENGDENG。LEPUSHANGDEBIAOQINGJIHAO,WANGWANGYUSUDUMIQIEXIANGGUAN,SUDUYUGANQINGBUKEFEN,SUDUSHIWEIBIAODAGANQINGFUWUDE。

乐仑彩票  PAIZI,BUTONGDEPAIZIDEDONGLVYEBUTONG。ERPAIZIDEQIANGRUOGUILVSHIYIQIANGYIRUO,YIBANDUOJUYOUMINGKUAIYOULIDETEDIAN,YIYUBIAOXIANJIANG、YOULI、JINZHANG、RELIE,HUANKUAI、HUOPODENGQINGXU。SANPAIZIDEQIANGRUOGUILVSHIYIQIANGLIANGRUO,CHANGJIRENYIYOUGUILV、YOUJIANXIEDEZHONGQIANGLIDUPAIZIDEGANJUE,YIYUBIAOXIANQINGKUAILIUCHANGDEQINGXU。SIPAIZIDEQIANGRUOGUILVTONGCHANGKUAISUSHIBIAOXIANJIAOWEIHUOYUE、QINGKUAI,ZHONGSUSHIJIAOHUANHE,MANSUSHICHANGJIAOSHUZHAN。

  4、旋律

  XUANLVYICHENGQUDIAO,SHIYINLEDEJIBENYAOSU。JINGGUOYISHUGOUSIERXINGCHENGDERUOGANLEYINDEYOUZUZHI、YOUJIEZOUDEHEXIEYUNDONG。YOU“YINLEDELINGHUN”ZHICHENG。YINLEDOUSHIYOUXUANLVZUCHENGDE。XUANLVZAISHICHANGLIANERXUNLIANZHONGZHANYOUXIANGDANGDADEFENZHI,TASHIDANYIN、HESHENG、HEXUANJIJIEZOUDEJIEHETI,ERQIEJIARULEQINGGANDECHULI。

  5、和声

  LIANGGEYISHANGBUTONGDEYINANYIDINGDEFAZETONGSHIFASHENGERGOUCHENGDEYINXIANGZUHE。YOU“YINLEDEROUTI”ZHICHENG。TANDAOHESHENG,WANGWANGHUIXIANGDAOHECHANG。XIANDAISHENGLEQUMULIHAODUOYIJIARULEHESHENGBUFEN,TEBIESHIBANCHANG。XIFANGRENCONGXIAOJIECHUDEJIUSHIHESHENGJIAOYU,ERWOGUOYOUYUSHOUJIQIANNIANDEDANYINXUANLVYINGXIANG,DUIHESHENGBUMINGAN。ZHEIJIUXUYAOSHICHANGLIANERXUEXI,YEJIUSHIPINGSHIDUOTINGHESHENGZUOPIN,ZHAOYINYUYINZHIJIANDEGANJUE。QISHIXIANZAIYIXIEGESHOUXIANGTAOZHE、WANGLIHONGDENGDEMANJIEZOUGEQULIHENDUODOUJIARUHEHESHENGBANCHANG,KEYITINGTAMENBANCHANGDEXUANLV,ZHEIYANGYOUZHUYULIANXIHESHENGDEGANJUE。